CMC


Indian’s new regulation for Medic


Last year, the CDSCO (Central Drugs Standard Control Organization) have published new rules for Medical Devices. These rules have gone into force at the beginning of this year, exactly the 1st of January of 2018. There was a need to distinguish between Medical Devices and pharmaceutical products, as Medical Devices have been considered as Pharmaceutical products before the implementation of the new rules. Apart from that, local manufacturers need to set up their industries in a more conducive environment. So, the Department of Pharmaceuticals was named as a Notified agency.

Domestic manufacturers as well as importation will be beneficiated by these new rules.

We are going to mention the most important points of the Medical Devices New Rules in this post.

Classification

The new rules classified the devices according to the level of risk. Importers and manufacturers need to classify their products according to the following list

Table 1: Device Classification System, per Medical Device Rules, 2017

Type of device

Risk involved

Examples

Class A

Low-risk

Nasopharyngeal Catheter, Surgical Dressings

Class B

Low-moderate

Intravenous Catheter, Disinfectants

Class C

Moderate-high

Bone cement, Bifurcation Stent

Class D

High

Copper T, Cardiac Patches

 

Quality Management System (QMS) Assessment

A Quality Management System (QMS)assessment for class A and B products could be implemented by the Notify Body. The Notify Body could also assist the CDSCO for class C and D products assessment.

For foreign manufacturers, an inspection could take place in the site, either by the CDSCO or an accredited Notify Body.

You can check all the accredited Notify Bodies will be on CDSCO website.

Registration

From now, for the obtention of all licenses, these new rules are going to be essentials. All the applications will be through SUGAM, the Ministry of Health and Family Welfare online system.

Manufacturing licenses of class A and B devices will be regulated by the State Licensing Authority (SLA), class C and D devices’ licenses will be regulated by the Central Licensing Authority (FSSAI). The QAR above mentioned should be submitted with the application for class B, C and D devices. On the other hand, class A devices QAR should be submitted within 120 days from the day the license was given.

Import licenses are required but QAR is not required in this case. Foreign manufacturer should have an authorized agent to hold the license and present it to the Central Licensing Authority. The agent also has to do the post market surveillance and distribution of the devices.

In case the Central Licensing Authority carry out an inspection of the foreign manufacturer, a complete Technical File and Import License application will be essential, and these should be submitted to the Central Licensing Authority.

The below table shows the timeline of obtaining both licenses.

Table 2: Timeline to obtain Manufacturing / Import Licence for medical devices

Class/Timeline

Class A

Class B

Class C

Class D

Manufaturing Licence

45 days

140 days

150 days

150 days

Licencia de importación

Within 9 months

Within 9 months

Within 9 months

Within 9 months

 

Clinical Investigation

There will be two phases, pilot clinical investigation and pivotal clinical investigation. The first one refers to exploratory study, and the second one refers to confirmatory study.

A clinical investigation won’t be required if Import License of a devices that have not been declared in India and has a Free Sales Certificate (FSC)issued from Australia, Canada, Japan, the United States, or member states of European Union.

For in-vitro diagnostics devices, Clinical Performance Evaluation will be mandatory. In contrast, for academic clinical trials, prior approval of clinical trial won’t be required.

Labeling

Manufacturers need to follow the labelling requirements on the Legal Metrology (Packaged Commodities) Rules, 2011. Apart from that, the UDI (Unique Device Identification) number must be appeared in each devices label, this is not effective yet, but will be effective by the beginning of 2022.

Recalls 

All products that are dangerous or harmful for the user must be recalled by the manufacturers or importers providing a reason for the recall.